a project by Andrea Geyer. 2012 - ongoing

Revolt, They Said is a wall-sized diagram based on an ongoing drawing in which Geyer delineates a network of 850 women without whom the American cultural landscape would not be as we know it today. The work originated during Geyer’s Artist Research Residency (2012-13) at The Museum of Modern Art, made possible by MoMA’s Wallis Annenberg Fund for Innovation in Contemporary Art through the Annenberg Foundation. It started out by mapping the relationships among Lillie P. Bliss, Abby A. Rockefeller, and Mary Q. Sullivan, the founders of MoMA —  and other women-collectors, cultural visionaries, and social entrepreneurs —  but soon grew into an expansive web of professional and personal entanglements, commitments, and alliances. Taking the viewer through an active narrative of actions and relations among these women, Geyer’s hand-drawn lines render art and its agents in close proximity to the social or political contexts out of which they grew and the fields with which they were in dialogue. In this way, the drawing not only retroactively re-envisions those relationships but maps out a blueprint of how social and cultural change has and can be realized. 

Revolt, They Said. is a work in progress. Please feel free to contact us with suggestions for women’s names to add to the diagram. When named in this project, women are those who identify as women or have been identified as such at some time in their lives. You are also welcome to email if you find anything in the information we gathered incorrect or incomplete.

Research Managers: Sage Donahue and Lauren Denitzio
Research Team/Support: Layo Bright, Lauren Denitzio, Francesca Fiore, Shayna Goncalves, Sareh Imani, Steffani Jemisson, Bridget Leslie, Umber Majeed, Josiah McEhleny, William Niedmann, Lydia Nobles, Liona Nyariri, Isaac Pool, Dani Reuben, Alex Salerno, Mihika Shah, Buzz Slutzky, Vered Snear, Saisha Grayson.
Copy Editing: Rachel Churner, Buzz Slutzky, and Max Symuleski

The project would not have been possible to realize without the support of the following institutions and individuals:

Portland Institute of Contemporary Art:
Kristan Kennedy, Curator

Museum of Modern Art:
Stuart Comer, Chief Curator of Media and Performance Art
Erica Papernik-Shimizu, Assistant Curator, Department of Media and
Performance Art
Kathy Halbreich, Associate Director
Glenn Lowry, Directo
Michelle Elligott, Chief of Archives

and Sarah Peter

Whitney Museum of American Art:
Megan Heuer, Director of Public Programs and Public Engagement
Adam Weinberg, Alice Pratt Brown Director

and Flora and Fiona Biddle

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art:
Deena Chalabi, Barbara and Stephan Vermut Associate Curator of Public Dialogue Production Stella Lochman, Program Associate, Public Dialogue

Sources include:
Websites (accessed between January 2013 and January 2017):

1913 Armory Show, The Story in Primary Sources,
A Sketch of the Past,
About Education: Women's History,
Academy of American Poets,
Ad Age,
African American Registry,
African American World,
America Comes Alive,
America History and Genealogy Project,
American Ethical Union,
American Foundation for the Blind,
American Journal of Public Health, April 2006
American National Biographies Online
American Nurses Association,
Ann Harlow,
Anne Whitney Archive at Wellesley College,
Antiques & Art Around Florida,
Arbor Farm Press,
Architect of the Capitol,
Art Directory,
Art Finding,
Artist Biographies: British and Irish Artists of the 20th Century,
Asheville Art Museum,
Australian Dictionary of Biography,
Barbara Fleischer,
Baruch College,
Bernice Kolko,
Biography Center,
Black Past,
Blake Benton Fine Art
Blavatsky Study Center,
Bronze Gallery,
Brooklyn History,
Bulletin of the Social Work History Network,
Canadian Women Artist History Initiative,
Cantabile Subito,
Catherine Lavender, The College of Staten Island/CUNY,
Catherine Pelton Durrell ’25 Archives and Special Collections Library,
Center for Jewish History,
Cheim Read,
Clara E. Sipprell Papers, Syracuse University Libraries,
Communication Institute for Online Scholarship,
Core 77,
Cornwall Artists Index,
Creating Digital History,
Cultura Galega,
Dada Companion,
Dames of the Loyal Legion of the United States,
Daytona Beach Morning Journal,
Design Museum,
Dictionary of Art Historians,
Distinguished Women of Past and Present,
Dorothea Tanning,
Dorothy Dudley Harvey Papers, Department of Rare Books, Special Collections
Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection,
Edith J. Goode Residuary Trust,
Edwardian Promenade,
Eileen Gray,
Eleanor Roosevelt and Feminism,
Eleanor Roosevelt Papers Project,
Emmanuel College Library,
Encyclopedia Britannica,
Encyclopedia of World Biography,
England & Co Gallery,
Extravagant Crowd: Carl Van Vechten's Portraits of Women, Beineke Library at Yale University,
Fem Bio,
Fine Arts Dealers Association,
First Spiritual Temple,
Five Colleges Archives and Manuscript Collection,
Flash Point,
Florence Mills,
Fordham Scholarship Online,
Gabriela Mistral Foundation,
Galerie St. Etienne,
Gallery Walk,
Girl Scouts,
Gisele Freund,
Gloria Dei Lutheran Church,
Greta Garbo,
Gurdjieff Club,
Gurdjieff International Review,
Harper’s Magazine,
Harriet May Mills,
Harriet Scott Chessman,
Harvard University Open Collections Program, Women Working 1800-1930,
Hermon A. MacNeil,
Historic Newspapers,
Historical Society of Pennsylvania,
History, Art and Archives, US House of Representatives,
Huffington Post,
Ida Kerkovius,
Industrial Workers of the World,
International Center for Photography,
Intimate Circles: American Women in the Arts, Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscript Library
Jeri L Waxenberg Wolfson Collection,
Jewish Currents,
Jewish Women’s Archive,
Lavender Magazine,
Lesley Heller Workspace,
Library and Archives Canada,
Library of Congress “Women Come to the Front”,
Los Angeles Times
Louise Ronnebeck,
Luther College,
Marston Records,
Marxists Internet Archive,
Maryland Women's Hall of Fame,
MCN Biografias,
Michael Hoppen Gallery,
Mine Okubo,
Missoula Art Musuem,
Modern American Poetry,
Modern Art Consulting,
Modernism in the New City,
More Intelligent Life,
Mother Earth Archive,
National Parks Service,
National Urban League,
National Women’s History Museum,
New York Public Library, Archives and Manuscripts,
New York Review Books,
New York State Court System,
NYC Parks,
Oklahoma State University Art Collection, Blog
Old Fulton, New York State Historical Photos & Newspapers,
Online Archive of California,
Oxford Art Online,
People Magazine,
Points of Light,
Powys Lannion,
Psychology’s Feminist Voices,
River Campus Libraries, The University of Rochester,
RKD Institute for Art History,
Ro Gallery,
Rochester Folk Art Guild,
Russian Ballet History,
Schwarz Gallery,
Sewall House and Belmont Museum,
Smithsonian American Art Museum,
Smithsonian Archives of American Art,
Social Networks and Archival Context,
Social Welfare History,
Spanish Arts,
Spartacus Educational,
Special Collections at University of Tennessee Libraries,
Stage Beauty,
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy,
Stiftung Kultur Sparkasse Köln/Bonn,
Sullivan Goss,
Susan B. Anthony House,
Swarthmore College Peace Collection,
The Afro-American,
The Armory Show at 100,
The Art History Archive,
The Art Institute of Chicago,
The Art Story: Modern Art Insight,
The Bancroft Library: California Art Research Archive,
The Barnes Foundation,
The California Department of Parks and Recreation,
The California Digital Newspaper Collection,
The Chicago Sun-Times
The Cleveland Museum of Art,
The Frick Collection,
The Greenwich Village Society for Historic Preservation Blog,
The Guardian,
The History of Camp Wildflecken,
The Illinois State Society,
The Institute for Intercultural Studies,
The Jacob And Gwen Knight Lawrence,
The Jay DeFeo Trust,
The Jim Cullum Riverwalk Jazz Collection,
The Milwaukee Journal,
The Museum of Modern Art,
The National Museum of Women in the Arts,
The New Fillmore,
The New York Age,
The New York Public Library, Wilhelmina F. Adams Papers,
The New York Times,
The New Yorker,
The Nineteenth Century Charitable Association,
The Oregon Encyclopedia,
The Oregon History Project,
The Part Played By Women: The Gender and Modernism of The Armory Show,
The Poetry Foundation,
The Raverat Archive,
The Red List,
The Renaissance Society at The University of Chicago,
The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Art & Architecture of New Jersey
The University of Delaware,
The University of Warwick, The Cohen Interviews,
The Washington Times,
The Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian,
The Whitney Museum of American Art,
The Willa Cather Archive,
Theatre History,
Thelma Johnson Streat,
Theodore Roosevelt Center at Dickinson State University,
Time Magazine,
Tina Modotti,
Totally History,
University of New Hampshire,
University of Pennsylvania, School of Arts and Sciences, Department of English,
University of Pennsylvania,
University of Rochester Libraries,
Vera List Center for Arts and Politics,
Victoria and Albert Museum,
Vincent Van Gogh: The Letters,
Weimar Art,
Whitford Fine Art,
William & Mary,
With Hidden Noise,
Women Out West,
Women Working, 1800 - 1930, Harvard University Library Open Collections
Women's History Archives at Smith College,
Woodside / Braseth Gallery,
Yale Modernism Lab,
Yale University,

Robert Aldrich and Garry Wotherspoon, Who's Who in Gay and Lesbian History: From Antiquity to World War II (Psychology Press) 
Harriet Hyman Alonso, Peace as a Women's Issue: A History of the U.S. Movement for World Peace and Women's Rights (Syracuse University Press)
Ana Maria Alvajar and Amparo Alvajar, Notas sobre Amparo Alvajar, exiliada gallega, con su obra teatral "Amada y tú" (Sada: Edicios de Castro) 
Sandra Alfoldy (ed.), Crafting Identity: The Development of Professional Fine Craft in Canada (McGill-Queens University Press)
Maurine Hoffman Beasley, Holly Cowan Shulman, and Henry R. Beasley, The Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia (Greenwood Publishing Group)
Anne Beiser Allen, An Independent Woman: The Life of Lou Henry Hoover (Greenwood Publishing Group)
Flora Miller Biddle, The Whitney Women and the Museum They Made: A Family Memoir (Skyhorse Publishing)
Alice Stone Blackwell, The Woman Citizen, Volume 4 (Leslie Woman Suffrage Commission)
Nancy Boas, The Society of Six: California Colorists (University of California Press)
Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, Academy Notes, Volumes 15-19 (The Academy)
Rika Burnham, Elliott Kai-Kee, Teaching in the Art Museum: Interpretation as Experience (Getty Publications)
Phillis Burnbaum, Glory in a Line: A Life of Foujita--the Artist Caught Between East and West (Faber & Faber)
William A. Camfield, Suzanne Duchamp and Dada in Paris, in Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity, edited by Naomi Sawelson-Gorse (MIT Press)
Joseph Campbell, Robin Larsen, Stephen Larsen, Antony Van Couvering, Baksheesh & Brahman: Asian Journals, India (New World Library)
Olga Castro, Galician Women Translators in the 20th Century: Rewriting the History of Translation from a Gender and National Approach (Sada Edicios do Castro) 
Laurie Champion (ed.), American Women Writers, 1900-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook. (Greenwood Press)
Helen Krinch Chinoy, Women in American Theatre (Theatre Communications Group)
Richard Nelson Current, Loie Fuller: Goddess of Light (Northeastern University Press) 
Dictionary of Woman Artists (H.W. Wilson)
Zita Dresner, Heterodite Humor: Alice Duer Miller and Florence Guy Seabury, Journal of American Culture, Volume 10, Issue 3
Frances H. Early, A World Without War: How U.S. Feminists and Pacifists Resisted World War I (Syracuse University Press)
Linda Eisenmann (ed.), Historical Dictionary of Women's Education in the United States (Greenwood Press)
Tama L. Engelking, L'Ange et les Pervers: Lucie Delarue-Mardrus' Ambivalent Poetic Identity (Cleveland State University)
William Garrett, Marie Stopes: Feminist, Eroticist, Eugenicist (
Peter Glassgold, Anarchy!: An Anthology of Emma Goldman's Mother Earth (Counterpoint Press)
Susan M. Glisson, The Human Tradition in the Civil Rights Movement (Rowman & Littlfield Publishers)
Emma Goldman and Candace Falk, Emma Goldman: Making Speech Free (University of Illinois Press)
Jane Green, Leah Levy, and Jay DeFeo (eds.), Jay DeFeo and the Rose (University of California Press)
Marjan Groot, Vrouwen in de vormgeving in Nederland 1880-1940 (Decorative Arts)
Phyllis Grosskurth, Melanie Klein: Her World and Her Work (Jason Aronson) 
Grace Hartigan, Dictionary of Women Artists: Artists, J-Z (Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers)
Ruth A. Hawkins, Unbelievable Happiness and Final Sorrow: The Hemingway-Pfeiffer Marriage (University of Arkansas Press)
Zoltán Halász, Hungary: A Guide with a Difference (Corvina Press)
Sue Hallgarth, On the Rocks: A Willa Cather and Edith Lewis Mystery (Arbor Farm Press)
Peter Hastings Falk (ed.), Who was Who in American Art - 400 Years of Artists in America (Sound View Press, Madison, CT)
Mary E. Hauser, Learning from Children: The Life and Legacy of Caroline Pratt (Peter Lang Publishing)
Herringshaw’s American Blue-book of Biography: Prominent Americans (American Publishers’ Association)
George E. Hein, Progressive Education and Museum Education: Anna Billings Gallup and Louise Connolly, The Journal of Museum Education
Ellen B. Hirschland, The Cone Sisters of Baltimore: Collecting at Full Tilt (Northwestern University Press)
Mike Hoolboom, Inside the Pleasure Dome: Fringe Film in Canada (Coach House Press)
Gloria T. Hull, Color, Sex & Poetry: Three Women Writers of the Harlem Renaissance (Indiana University Press)
Colta Feller Ives (ed.), The Lure of the Exotic: Gauguin in New York Collections. (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Helene Johnson, African American Authors, 1745-1945: A Bio-Bibliographical Critical Sourcebook, Edited by Emmanuel Sampath Nelson (Greenwood Publishing Group)
Marion Kant & Lilian Karina, Hitler's Dancers: German Modern Dance and the Third Reich (Berhahn, New York)
Carol Kort & Liz Sonneborn, A to Z of American Women in the Visual Arts (Facts on File, Inc)
Florence Nightingale Levy, American Art Directory, Volume 14 (R.R. Bowker)
Carol Lowrey, A Legacy of Art: Paintings and Sculptures by Artist Life Members of the National Arts Club (The National Arts Club) 
Elizabeth Lunday (ed.), The Modern Art Invasion: Picasso, Duchamp, and the 1913 Armory Show That Scandalized America. (Globe Pequot)
Kara Kirk, Grace McCann Morley and the Modern Museum (unpublished Thesis, Stanford University. Master of Liberal Arts Program, 2001)
Pat Kirkham (ed.), Women Designers in the USA, 1900-2000: Diversity and Difference (Yale University Press)
Machinists' Monthly Journal, Volume 34 (International Association of Machinists)
Rachel Mesch, The Hysteric's Revenge: French Women Writers at the Fin de Siecle (Vanderbilt University Press) 
Helena Budzynska Mietka, Henriette and Henriette: The Life of a Woman (University of Southern California)
Dana Miller, Jay DeFeo: A Retrospective (Whitney Museum of American Art)
Nancy Mowll Mathews, Mary Cassatt: A Life (Yale University Press)
John Joseph Murphy & Merrill Maguire Skaggs, Willa Cather: New Facts, New Glimpses, Revisions (Rosemont Publishing & Printing)
Guido Nicciolo, Duse on Tour: Guido Noccioli's Diaries, 1906-07 (Manchester University Press)
Sharon Niederman, A Quilt of Words: Women's Diaries, Letters & Original Accounts of Life in the Southwest (Johnson Books) 
Sybil Oldfield, Afterwords: Letters on the Death of Virginia Woolf (Rutgers University Press)
Queen of the Neighborhood Collective, Revolutionary Women: A Book of Stencils (PM Press)
D. Michael Quinn, Same-Sex Dynamics Among Nineteenth-Century Americans: A Mormon Example (University of Illinois Press)
Diane Radycki, Paula Modersohn-Becker: The First Modern Woman Artist (Yale University Press)
Roxana Robinson and Georgia O'Keeffe, Georgia O’Keeffe: A Life (UPNE)
Lionel Rolfe, The Uncommon Friendship of Yaltah Menuhin & Willa Cather (California Classics Books)
Thomas Riggs (ed.), The St. James Guide to Black Artists (St. James Press)
Naomi Sawelson-Gorse, Women in Dada: Essays on Sex, Gender, and Identity (Woman’s Art Journal)
Christiane Schönfeld and Carmel Finnan, Practicing Modernity: Female Creativity in the Weimar Republic (Königshausen & Neumann)
Hanna Segal, Melanie Klein (The Viking Press)
Ezra Shales, Made in Newark: Cultivating Industrial Arts and Civic Identity in the Progressive Era (Rivergate Books)
Helen Sheehy, Eleonora Duse: A Biography (Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group) 
Lindsay Shen, Knowledge is Pleasure: Florence Ayscouch in Shanghai (HKU Press)
Barbara Sicherman & Carol Hurd Green (eds.), Notable American Women: The Modern Period: A Biographical Dictionary (Harvard University Press)
Scott Stantaon, The Tombstone Tourist: Musicians (Simon & Schuster) 
Doris Stevens, Jailed for Freedom (Boni and Liveright)
Joseph N. Straus, The Music of Ruth Crawford Seeger (Cambridge University Press)
Revolutionary Women: A Book of Stencils (PM Press)
Diana Souhami, Gluck: Her Biography (New York University Press)
Sarah Symmons, Mantillas, Majas, Murillo and Moors: A Feminine Perspective on Spanish Art from Ann Fanshawe to Gwen John, in Spanish Art in Britain and Ireland, 1750-1920: Studies in Reception, Edited by Nigel Glendinning, Hilary Macartney (Tamesis)
The Crisis, January 1959 (The Crisis Publishing Company)
Demetres P. Tryphonopoulos and Stephen Adams, The Ezra Pound Encyclopedia (Greenwood Publishing Group)
John Tytell, Ezra Pound: The Solitary Volcano (Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group)
University Settlement Studies, Volumes 1-4 (University Settlement Society of New York) Bernard Warach, Hope: A Memoir (IUniverse)
Sophia Wellbeloved, Gurdjieff: The Key Concepts (Routledge)
Arthur Wilson Tarbell, National Magazine, Volume 18 (Bostonian Publishing Company)
Alan Windsor, Handbook of Modern British Painting and Printmaking, 1900-1990 (Ashgate)
Yearbook of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Volumes 19-25 (Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences) 
Rose Emmet Young, Carrie Chapman Catt, and Eleanor Roosevelt, Why Wars Must Cease (Macmillan Company)
Bonnie Zimmerman, Encyclopedia of Lesbian Histories and Cultures (Routledge)
Howard Zinn and Anthony Arnove, Voices of a People’s History of the United States, 10th Anniversary Edition (Seven Stories Press)